A database management system (DBMS) is software that allows organizations to create, maintain, organize, and control access to datasets. The DBMS is the framework by which an end user can access and run queries within a large database. It functions as a conduit between users, programs, and data.
Database management systems are widely used in a variety of major industries, such as the finance, media and entertainment, health care, pharmaceutical, service, and hospitality.
In this article, we will discuss the DBMS market as a whole, covering the growth and geographical spread of the market as well as the market-leading vendors offering DBMS and the features and benefits of using DBMS software.
As the world increasingly runs on technology, the DBMS industry has evolved to handle increasing data needs from social media, e-commerce, and other high-tech sectors. The recent pandemic increased economic reliance on the internet and the use of data, driving the growth of the DBMS market.
North American, Western Europe, and Asia-Pacific countries such as Australia, China, and India, have been the top geographic consumers of this software. Countries with medium market maturity include Russia and South Korea, while demand is emerging from countries such as Colombia, Austria, and Slovakia.
The development of various formats of data, software-as-a-service (SaaS)-based DBMS, and the growing reliance on “big data” for marketing are great drivers of growth for database management systems.
Relational DBMSs, or RDBMSs, account for nearly 95% of the overall market currently. Due to the prevalence of open-source databases, the industry is expected to witness a 25–30% growth in 2022. Approximately one in four DBMS clients run on open-source databases, mainly companies in retail, e-commerce, and BFSI.
Predictions of an increasingly digital society, in which most shopping, socialization, and media consumption occurs online, have helped spur the reliance on DBMSs for increasing mounds of complex, interconnected data. The growing fields of data science, data modeling, and expansion of machine learning (ML) will also play a large part in the DBMS market as well.
The DBMS enables the organization to retrieve and store of vital data through defined formats and structure. DBMS can be divided into different segments by relying on a variety of techniques, such as NoSQL, Hadoop, XML database system (XDBMS), RDBMS, object-relational database management (ORDBMS). Regarding deployment, DBMS software can be divided into cloud-based or on-premises servers.
DBMS software can manage data in a way that allows employees to work efficiently, whether taking calls at an office or developing a website from home. Enhanced data integrity, data backup, data integration, and data security are all top benefits of using a DBMS. Minimizing data redundancy is also a leading reason enterprise-level companies work with this software.
Benefits of DBMS
DBMS software has many advantages over the traditional file-based data management systems that existed before it. Data integrity is one of the core benefits offered by DBMS. Data that is consistent and accurate is important for organizations, as well as the ability to be able to maintain and communicate between different databases.
Data backup is a crucial element of DBMS software as well. While organizations in the past had to focus on backing up data consistently at predesignated intervals, the DBMS automates recovery and backup. This means that in the unfortunate event of a system failure or natural disaster, data loss is less of a concern.
Data security is another prime concern addressed by DBMS software. Cybersecurity is a growing threat that is getting bigger every year, and the importance of protecting sensitive consumer data is paramount.
Authorized users must be able to easily access databases. Yet, there must be a significant amount of protection against data breaches, meaning efficient user authentication is an important aspect. Integrity constraints protect data, consumers, and companies that rely on the use of DBMS systems.
A further benefit of DBMS software is better data integration. Because of the widespread use of DBMS software, people are now able to seamlessly manage data and communicate between different data sets. Data synchronization and data logs allow companies to get a greater insight into their own operations in order to enhance them.
Data inconsistency is a common problem that is minimized by the use of DBMS. Data inconsistency occurs between files when different versions of the same data have been saved in different files. Data redundancy is minimized through the use of a DBMS, synchronizing data changes between all users.
Other benefits of using a DBMS include faster data access which enables better decision making. Running data queries that are accurate and fast can empower leaders to make the best choices for their organization, driving successful marketing campaigns and making accurate revenue forecasts, for example.
DBMS Use Case
DBMS software has widespread use across different industries, depending on how organizations gather, store, and organize data. Tech companies rely on this software, especially when a product or service needs to be delivered in a customized way to hundreds of millions of customers to an even higher number of devices.
Hulu was in precisely this predicament. Their streaming media services were growing in leaps and bounds, and they needed to have the ability to scale while not compromising on the quality of experience they offered their customers.
The company signed a contract with Apache Cassandra, which helped them create a framework that allowed them to manage their inventory, create a customized experience for each user, and allow viewers to pause and resume watching movies and shows on different devices.
A well-managed DBMS software was the solution to all of these issues. At the time, Hulu was still a small company, but they were hungry for growth. Senior Software Development Lead Andres Rangel chose Cassandra because of its ability to address their needs.
“We needed something that could scale quickly and would be easy to maintain because we have a very small team,” Rangel says.
Oracle remains the most popular provider of database management systems, followed by Microsoft SQL and MySQL.
IBMDB2, SolarWinds Database Performance Analyzer, Amazon RDS, Hadoop, and Maria DB are all top market leaders in the DBMS market as well.
A number of open-source providers with some free features also remain competitive, such as Apache Cassandra and PostgreSQL.